III. After New Criticism
from literature as an aesthetic object to literature as a social (historical) practice
Lit. crit.-- no longer neutral, or "disinterested," it is conditioned, or programmed; depends on our past experience, our framework.
functions of lit. theory --
Five points of the theories after New Criticism:
Politics is pervasive, 任何事情都是政治的，
Language is constructive, 語言為建構，
Truth is provisional, 真理是臨時建構，
Meaning is contingent, 意義是因時?地制定的，
Human nature is a myth 人性的普遍性是虛構的.