Theories and Texts
Construction, Last Updated 12/25/1998
Hypertext: Definition and Characteristics
links, multiple entry, multimedia (+ animation), fragmentary,
electronic (vs. print)
Hypertext and Postmodern Theories
Hypertext and Literature
and extends post-structuralist theories about text (and textuality),
language and reading; such as those of Mikhail Bakhtin (heteroglossia),
Roland Barthes (writable text, which has no fixed boundary, can
be broken down to several lexias, and allows readers to choose their own
route in reading), Jacque Derrida (dissemination of meaning) and
Deleuze (nomad, grass-like associative thinking).
Hypertext embodies postmodern
challenge of authorship and originaliy, boundary and totality.
IV. Possible Negative Consequences
Hyperfiction -- story fragments, multiple choices
in reading, or readers' collective product;
Hyperpoem -- mostly visual poems, in which words
are images, or images are used to enhance the poetic meanings.
Arts Turned Multimedia or a Game -- All kinds
of arts, encoded as 0 and 1, are easily connected, combined or mixed together.
Textual Production: random
and expansive (Stuart Moulthrop)
Reading: surfing and
playing games, but not close reading
Public Good vs. Limited Access and
Invisible Centers: Free access is not possible yet (under the
influence of capitalism); at the centers are those who own a server, have
access to one, and those who have knowledge of managing a server or producing
Theories by George Landow from Brown Univ.
ª[¸ôªá¶é (A Garden of Forking
Paths--a site with a good collection of hyper-poems and articles on