Space, Postcolonial Resistance, '99 -- Postmodernism
Criticism -- IACD
Mapping Subjectivity --
"to conceptualise body, self, person, identity, subjectivity in terms
of both structures and agency." (3)
Territories of the subject:
as a part of a general temporal and spatial logic, an 'order of connection'
as part of a prediscursive realm through an emphasis on bodily movement.
as an origin (e.g. Irigaray)
a site of cultural consumption (e.g. Grosz; women's clothes inscribing
'maternity' on their bodies). * the physical extension of capacities
re-constructed, re-presented (e.g. 'medically')
a continuum of Lockean-Humean understanding of human identity -- a series
Katian-Cartian understanding -- a distinct self
Freud as a mixture of the two trends.
description of the cultural framework of the self.
not absolutely necessary as a category.
psychoanalytic -- 'one needs to identify with something because there is
an originary and insurmountable lack of identity.'
dynamic --e.g. Butler, Deleuze and Irigaray
spatial metaphors e.g. diaspora.
Nowadays, the subject and subjectivity are more likely to be conceived
of as rooted in the spatial home of the body, and therefore situated,
as composed of and by a 'federation' of different narrative, and
as registered through a whole series of senses, . . .
Probyn, Elspeth. "Travels in
the Postmodern: Making Sense of the Local." Feminism/Postmodernism.
Six different pathways over the terrain of the subject, based on six different
position (e.g. politics of location, cyborg, third space),
movement, --provisional, open; difference; continuity without assimilation;
without ontological egotism; with possibilities of mutable sharing;
visuality and aesthetics/ethics.
Nicholson. NY: Routledge, 1990.
"In this chapter I want to explore a central problematic within
feminist cultural theory: Whether the subaltern can speak.
I see this problematic composed of a number of intersecting critical
questions: the epistemological constitution of knowledge, the ontology
of the questioning subject, and the conjunctural question of where and
how we may speak. I will organize this exploration around three
current metaphors: locale, location and local.
Argument: --re-articulating the locale.
"I want. . .to question the hierarchical ordering of knowledge" (178)
". . . in thinking of how locale is inscribed on our
bodies, in our homes, and on the streets, we can begin to loosen its ideological
affects. In uncoupling the event of patriarchy from its site, we
move beyond the silent agony of 'the problem that has no name.' In
looking at how location disqualifies certain experiences, we begin to realize
that the knowledge of locale is important and powerful. In rearticulating
the ground that is locally built around us, we give feminist answers that
show up the ideological conditions of certain postmodern questions."
Rich's "Notes toward a Politics of Location"
--in creating our centers and our own locals, we tend to forget that
our centers displace others into the peripheries of our making. p.
-- Against this totalizing gaze, Rich points out that we need to replace
the assumption of universalism and construct a feminist theory that starts
from the fragments of one's own body. 177
local -- that issuing from or related to a particular time. 指的是特定時間內的地點﹔
location -- the methods by which one comes to locate sites of research.
Through location knowledges are ordered into sequences which are congruent
with previously established categories of knowledge. 將地點定位並連貫成系列(或系統)﹔
locale -- "a place that is the setting for a particular event. I
take this 'place' as both a discursive and non-discursive arrangement which
holds a gendered event, the home being the most obvious example" 178.
Living in the Locale
family as both an event and a place "This separation of the family
into place and event allows Barret and McIntosh to recognize 'the powerful
appeal of the family, to acknowledge the real satisfactions that it can
offer. . . '" 181
In recognizing a locale we see both the regulation of practices and
why those practices in themselves might also be the source of mixed pleasures.
Making Sense of the Local
[There are always conflicts between event and place, although we may not
be able to articulte them.]
Spivak's argument -- For Spivak the subaltern cannot speak because "the
ontology of the Western subject necessitates and creates the other: the
silent subaltern" (183). "epistemic violence"
Baudrillard's-- "others disappear because they are impossible and places
become simulacra: postcards without people.
Using Foucault -- "In its hierarchical movement, location insists on a
taxonomy of experience. One doesn't have to scratch the surface very
deeply to find that class, race, and gender have a lot to do with whose
experiences are on top. The classification of experience, moreover,
is indivisible from what came before and which knowledges stand as previously
Feminists-- "work between and among sanctioned categories of knowledge
jostles the sequencing of location" (185).
not to give up on the local but rather to work
more deeply in and against it.