dreams-- the royal road to the unconscious.
Other avenues--slips of tongue, dreams, art, and irrational behavior that
motives most of our actions.
In the condition of sleep the force of repression...is relaxed,
because there is no immediate likelihood of unconscious impulse being carried
through into dangerous action.
The dream-work transforms the 'latent' content of
the dream, the 'forbidden' dream-thoughts, into the 'manifest' dream
stories--what the dreamer remembers....
...the energizing force of dreams springs from an unconscious impulse
seeking fulfillment, a desire not fulfilled in waking life. Unable to
find expression in action, the impulse gathers to itself material both from
recent experience, such as the effects of present bodily need plus the
recollections of the previous day, and from distant memories involving
infantile sexual wishes.
the 'censorship'--under the influence of this censorship, the material
is transformed into a series of images, that is the dream.
"A dream is a (disguised) fulfillment of a (suppressed or repressed)
--a 'compromise' between the demands of impulse and the intensity of the
repressing force. The more intense the force of repression, the more
obscure the encodings...
The operation of the dream work, its subversion and distortions,
take four forms: condensation, displacement, consideration of representibility,
and secondary revision.
1. condensation: --'overdetermination': several
latent wishes converge on one manifest item, or the reverse, where one wish is
represented a number of times in the same dream-sequence. The result in
each case is a superimposition of elements.
e.g. a joke: his uncle gave him a kiss in an
old people tend to fall into their 'anectotage'--anecdote, dotage
onsolidate one's anger at a variety of people and objects into
a simple sentence
2. displacement: transvaluation of psychic values. e.g.
a person's hatred of Mr. Appleby to a rotting apple.
This transvaluation is achieved by the elements in the manifest dream
replacing elements in the latent dream-thoughts via a chain of associations for
the purpose of disguise.
--the associative links that depend on likeness (similarity) and those that
depend on proximity (contiguity).
It is only after Freud that similarity and contiguity have been singled out
as the two fundamental poles of language...
(Frued's notion of symbolism: the whole world can be absorbed
narcissistically, the sexual drives can attach themselves to anything the
"To His Coy Mistress"; "To the Lighthouse";
"Sick Rose "
a, worm--death and phallus; flying--sexual intercourse; darkness,
b. marble vault--fleshless pelvis; worms; fire