Base, superstructure and ideology are three big elements that Marxism mentions about in the text. Base includes production and all economic parts while superstructure are about all other kinds; for example, art, literature, social and educational institutions and some other system that can help capitalists to control working class. Moreover, capitalists keep on informing some ideas that seem good to working class but indeed those ideas are just some ways for capitalists to control working class more well. In other words, capitalists inform these ideas to make the working class think capitalism is good to the whole society. Therefore, we can find that ideology occupies a great influence in superstructure and we can also say ideology is the most significant factor that helps capitalists most.
It is easy to see the ideology in those five hundred coolies in Tahiti. First of all, they know they have to obey Schemmer no matter whether they are right because they earn his salary. They also have to obey the authority. Ah Cho has to obey Cruchot to shut up even though it is Cruchot who brought the wrong person to cut the head off. Second, five hundred coolies understand that they can do nothing even though they know the truth that Schemmer killed the Chinese and Ah Cho isn・t Ah Chow, so they learn to keep silence in order not to bring big trouble and to keep their job. Third, it seems that all people in Tahiti agree that coolies do not belong to human beings. Schemmer, Cruchot, other French devils and the German always say: ；It is only a Chinago； and ： Who can tell a Chinago；. For them, coolies are just tools for making money. Other coolies know Ah Cho isn・t the right person, they still don・t say any words, so I think they themselves agree that their lives are not valuable at all. Fourth, although they know they are exploited by French devils, they are still contented about what they earn. Ah Cho says, ：he can be a rich man with a house of his own, a wife and children and owns a SMALL garden and goldfish in a TINY lakelet； after working for Schemmer for five year. When he knows that he is going to be sentenced for twenty years, he still holds the idea that he can be free after only twenty years, but actually he does nothing wrong. Fifth, five hundred coolies experience the unpredictable of White devils that they get angry without apparent cause, can out-toil even a Chinago and quite understand they can only receive what happen and wait for torture.
Nothing is superior to money and power which are controlled by capitalists and are the characteristics of capitalistism, but also have become the shortcomings of capitalism in Tahiti. For capitalists own power, they almost lose human beings・ patience and explode their anger on Chinagos. For they want to make more money, they spend their whole strength to exploit those coolies and because they have so many time, they worry those little things. They are gluttons who eat and drink prodigiously because they have money. French devils think they are superior to the Chinagos because they own the dominant power. They care only about their own benefits. Schemmer only concerns how to prevent barracks and to let other coolies know the result of presenting in the killing. Cruchot pays attention to his own responsibility that he should bring a Chinago to the guillotine although he already knew he made a mistake. He also has the idea in mind that no one can tell a Chinago because he is only a Chinago. For White devils seize money and power, so they can control those coolies and dominate their lives.
The situation is a little bit like people in Taiwan. Some Taiwanese look upon filipinoes because they come to Taiwan to be servant or workers and make money in Taiwan. They often flight with each other and seem uncultivated. So many Taiwan think they bring some social problems to our society.
We all know that the description of Ah Cho who is a happy young man with a total obedient principle and never causes any trouble. However, even if he is such a good man, he is still a coolie and is belong to the group of Chinago. A little time of White devils is more important than a Chinago・s live. The Chinagos are not allowed to have a dream for they don・t have the dominion to make it. Therefore, no money is nothing and can make nothing.
There is no justice law for those coolies. Ah Cho and his companion are sentenced to be guilt by the mark of the leather belt on their face. In other words, it is Schemmer who judges the killers. Most ironic of all is that there are only two wounds, but they sentences four to five people. Ah Cho and his companion are just examples of the unfair law. Schemmer just want to prevent fight and want other coolies to know that even if there is a fight, none of coolies・ business. They only have to care about their work. Therefore, no money and power can make nothing.
I think the last part about Ah Cho・s identity shows the total authority of capitalism. Cruchot knows that Ah Cho is not Ah Chow, but he uses ：shut up； to answer Ah Cho. The other Chinagos know the truth, but they say nothing for they are under the control of White devils. Ah Cho declares his identity as Ah Cho rather than Ah Chow, Schemmer also answer ：shut up； to him. At last, the German also finds the mistake, he says ：It is only a Chinago；. The author uses so many pages to make all people in Tahiti aware of the truth, but capitalism still domains the judge although it is capitalists who make a mistake. In Tahiti, lives, dreams, justices and all other things don・t exist and don・t have right to exist on Chinagos because they don・t have money and power.