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Subject The Tell-Tale Heart
Posted by Cerita
Posted on Mon Jan 8 20:17:50 2001
From IP h157.s2.ts30.hinet.net  

The Tell-Tale Heart
  There are certain practices within Freudian therapy as a professional study, although even there are frequent controversies. In critical approaches to literature, the ground is even more uncertain. Therefore, we can only through some clues in the literary works in examining Freud・s texts.
  In the Tell-Tale Heart, the narrator insisted that he was totally calm and not mad at all. Somehow he had desire to kill that old man, though that old man had nothing insult or mad him. The narrator said, :I loved that old man. He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eyes!; For this we can prove from Freud・s study that there are unconscious processes, operating in the mind cannot be represented. Repression is the action that produces the unconscious by rendering experiences, thoughts, desires and memories unforgettable. Therefore we can estimate bravely that the thought of murdering the old man was a deep repressed feeling in the narrator・s memories, which might caused from his childhood, or can be tracked to his past experiences.
  The relationship between the narrator and the old man is quite conflict. He loved that old man and hated him as well. To investigate his unconsciousness, he might take that old man as his father. According to Freud・s famous assertion Oedipus Complex, little boy eagers for the mother and wants to have sexual relationship with her. The little boy begins to regard his father as a sexual rival for the mother. But being small and relatively helpless, he fears castration by his father as punishment for his unacceptable desires. Therefore he represses them. It can be proved on the narrator, he had the inner invisible unconsciousness to fulfill the eager of overwhelming and winning his father. He hated the old man・s eyes. The eyes in this article might be the symbolic representation of penis, the sublimation of phallus. :It was not the old man who vexed me, but his Evil Eye.; Before he killed that old man, he peeked into his chamber and left a ray falling upon the vulture eyes for seven long nights. Because he found that if the eyes were closed, it was impossible for him to kill him. If we take the eyes of the old man as a symbol of phallus, all the behavior of the narrator could be explained and corresponded to Freud・s theory.
  The chamber of that old man could also be regarded as a mother・s womb. The narrator was like a little boy who fascinated to his mother・s womb, which represent as a symbol of sexuality of the mother. From seeing through the chamber, the narrator felt like achieving the way to get close to the mother, and tried to really understand mother・s sexual relation with father. All in the womb was similar to the chamber, which was dark and vague to his immature knowing. Only through the process of voyeurism, he could accomplish the desire of knowing the adulthood・s behaviors.
  However, although he killed that old man with fully triumph. Eventually, he felt guilt of what he had done. The pleasure from the old man・s death was not like what he expected. From Freud・s point of view, the id, ego, and superego inside the narrator was pulling each other, trying to find a balance. Although he followed the Pleasure principle as a free will to kill that old man, he was also judged by the reality principle with the arising of the moral judgement. Therefore, he admitted the crime, and the sound of the heart beating was stopped hereafter. It was correspond to Freud・s theory that people who fulfill his improper and immoral desire will finally feel the sense of guilty after all.
  The narrator・s inner world was analyzed by Freud・s theory step by step. Therefore, we can say that psychoanalysis is the process whereby clues to repression are recognized and represented in a way that can be understood by the conscious mind. The process is important to know inner selves better. In order to avoid the crime in modern society, we should regard the psychoanalysis as an important procedure to know our inner world efficiently.
  
  There are certain practices within Freudian therapy as a professional study, although even there are frequent controversies. In critical approaches to literature, the ground is even more uncertain. Therefore, we can only through some clues in the literary works in examining Freud・s texts.
  In the Tell-Tale Heart, the narrator insisted that he was totally calm and not mad at all. Somehow he had desire to kill that old man, though that old man had nothing insult or mad him. The narrator said, :I loved that old man. He had never wronged me. He had never given me insult. For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eyes!; For this we can prove from Freud・s study that there are unconscious processes, operating in the mind cannot be represented. Repression is the action that produces the unconscious by rendering experiences, thoughts, desires and memories unforgettable. Therefore we can estimate bravely that the thought of murdering the old man was a deep repressed feeling in the narrator・s memories, which might caused from his childhood, or can be tracked to his past experiences.
  The relationship between the narrator and the old man is quite conflict. He loved that old man and hated him as well. To investigate his unconsciousness, he might take that old man as his father. According to Freud・s famous assertion Oedipus Complex, little boy eagers for the mother and wants to have sexual relationship with her. The little boy begins to regard his father as a sexual rival for the mother. But being small and relatively helpless, he fears castration by his father as punishment for his unacceptable desires. Therefore he represses them. It can be proved on the narrator, he had the inner invisible unconsciousness to fulfill the eager of overwhelming and winning his father. He hated the old man・s eyes. The eyes in this article might be the symbolic representation of penis, the sublimation of phallus. :It was not the old man who vexed me, but his Evil Eye.; Before he killed that old man, he peeked into his chamber and left a ray falling upon the vulture eyes for seven long nights. Because he found that if the eyes were closed, it was impossible for him to kill him. If we take the eyes of the old man as a symbol of phallus, all the behavior of the narrator could be explained and corresponded to Freud・s theory.
  The chamber of that old man could also be regarded as a mother・s womb. The narrator was like a little boy who fascinated to his mother・s womb, which represent as a symbol of sexuality of the mother. From seeing through the chamber, the narrator felt like achieving the way to get close to the mother, and tried to really understand mother・s sexual relation with father. All in the womb was similar to the chamber, which was dark and vague to his immature knowing. Only through the process of voyeurism, he could accomplish the desire of knowing the adulthood・s behaviors.
  However, although he killed that old man with fully triumph. Eventually, he felt guilt of what he had done. The pleasure from the old man・s death was not like what he expected. From Freud・s point of view, the id, ego, and superego inside the narrator was pulling each other, trying to find a balance. Although he followed the Pleasure principle as a free will to kill that old man, he was also judged by the reality principle with the arising of the moral judgement. Therefore, he admitted the crime, and the sound of the heart beating was stopped hereafter. It was correspond to Freud・s theory that people who fulfill his improper and immoral desire will finally feel the sense of guilty after all.
  The narrator・s inner world was analyzed by Freud・s theory step by step. Therefore, we can say that psychoanalysis is the process whereby clues to repression are recognized and represented in a way that can be understood by the conscious mind. The process is important to know inner selves better. In order to avoid the crime in modern society, we should regard the psychoanalysis as an important procedure to know our inner world efficiently.
  


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