Terence H.W. Shih / May 17, 2000
An Outline of Donna Haraway's "A Cyborg Manifesto"
Thesis: Based on a socialist-feminist analysis, Haraway's claims include women's situation and cyborg politics in the advanced technological society (580-95).
I. The "Homework Economy" outside "The Home" (580-3)
"The extreme mobility of capital and the emerging international division of labour are interwined with the emergence of new collectivities, and the weakening of familiar groupings" (580).
A. "New Industrial Revolution" (580)
1. A microcosm-the ethnic and racial diversity of women in Silicon Valley (580)
2. Female and feminized jobs in the homework economy and new technologies (581)
3. Wage and family (581)
B. The possibility of a feminist science in the new technologies (582-3)
II. Women in the Integrated Circuit (583-6)
The picture of women's historical locations in advanced industrial society through the social relations of science and technology.
A. An idealized women's location including Home, Market, Paid Work Place, State, School, Clinic-Hospital, and Church (583-5)
B. The structural rearrangements by means of a socialist-feminist politics and a feminist science (585-6)
III. Cyborgs: A Myth of Political Identity (586)
Haraway focuses cyborg myth on "constructions of women of color and monstrous selves in feminist science fiction" (586).
A. Women of color as a cyborg identity in Haraway's political myth
1. The identities of feminists and "women of color" (586-8)
2. Cyborg writing in feminist science fiction (588-90)
B. Monstrous selves in feminist science fiction
1. Monsters in Western imaginations (591)
2. The imagery of cyborgs
IV. Conclusion (592)
Cyborg imagery can help express two crucial arguments in the essay: (1) "the production of universal, totalizing theory is a major mistake that misses most of reality, probably always, but certainly now[,]" and (2) "talking responsibility for the social relations of science and technology means refusing an anti-science metaphysics, a demonology of technology, and so means embracing the skilful task of reconstructing the boundaries of daily life, in partial connection with others, in communication with all of our parts" (592).
Haraway, Donna. "Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminist in the Late Twentieth Century." Contemporary Literature Criticism: Literary and Cultural Studies. NY: Longman, 1994: 566-95