Musical Examples for World Literatures in English, 2002F
(For our students only.  Dear students, to protect yourselves, you
should simply listen to the songs online but not save them in your own computer.)

I. Religious music: II. Songs
  • "Petition to Ram"  (a variety of muscial cultures)--by Jai Uttal, Indian born in New York
III. Musical Instruments:
  • "Balinese Fantasy" -- by Zakir Hussain  (an Indian percussionist)
  • "Two Lovers" by Ali Akbar Khan  "Two Lovers"  uses Sarod, a 25 metal-stringed intrument carved from a single piece of wood, and is  based on a folk song from the Indian desert province of Rajasthan.)

Nyabingi: A pan-African-Jamaican drumming style.  Through its influence on Jamaican popular music, from ska to reggae, it has had an international impact.

The performance: These young Maroon men are using the traditional accompanying Maroon drums to play the Nyabingi style.  . . . In this spontaneious performance, the singers move through a medley of well-known Rastafarian chants.

Revival  Shows the influence of the Afro-Protestant Revival churches.

The recording: "Fight for War": This song, which admonishes listeners to fight for their cause, resonates with both Revivalist themes and the militant Maroon past.
(The three songs above are from Maroon Music from the Earliest Free Black Communities of Jamaica)
  II. Calypso:
 III. Dub Poetry: 

IV. Reggae:

V. Rap