Analysis----Revenge
Part 1.
By Victoria Lee
 
After reading this book, I found the foundations of the whole book are strong love among the characters and revenge.  And I am going to talk about part of the revenge events.
As we know, Catherine did not choose Heaghcilff as her bridegroom because she thought Heathcliff did not have a good background and that might lower her status.  She explained the reasons to Nelly that if she married to Edgar, everyone would get less or more merits.  For instance, she could help Heathcliff to rise and place him out of her brother's power.  Heathcliff, however, did not think so.  The hatred was full of his heart and he left the Wuthering Heights.  When he returned again, he had a plan that after he saw Catherine, he would go to kill Hindley and commit suicide.  We can see clearly that how much is his hatred to Hindley and how deep is his love to Catherine.  Maybe Hindley should not treat Heathcliff so badly but if I was Hindley, I may be somewhat like him.  Because his father loved Heathcliff more than him and he won little of his father's love and concern, no wonder he hated Heathcliff much.  Whenever he met Heathcliff, he would try every mean way to insult his enemy.  But when Heathcliff was beyond his endurance, he would make good use of Mr. Earnshaw's love to him and threaten Hindley.  Of course, Hindley was very afraid of his father so he had to give away.  This is a kind of Heathcliff's revenge. Hindley made him unhappy so he also made Hindley lead an unhappy life.
In some other part of the story, Heathcliff took revenge on Catherine.  But he did his revengeful plans on people around Catherine and Edgar.  The poorest sacrifice was Isabella.  She married Heathcliff because she loved him, at least she thought she did.  Catherine tried to protect her but she thought Catherine wanted to break to good relationship between Heathcliff and her.  They eloped.  Isabella was so naïve that she did not know what on earth Heathcliff thought in his mind.  Heathcliff knew that Isabella was the heiress if the Lintons, what he wanted just the property.  When once he achieved his goal, he took off his mask and Isabella also lost what she had ever owned.  This was enough to make not only Edgar but also Catherine break their hearts and angry with what Isabella had done.  This was another way of Heathcliff's revengeful actions.
What Heathcliff had done seemed not satisfied with himself.  And his revengeful plans extended to the second-generation.  Though Linton was his own son, he did not love him or concern about him.  He did not treat him well because he might make him think of Isabella and Edgar.  He thought Linton was useless since he was so ill and cowardly.  But he knew well that Linton was a very good tool to hurt Edgar and little Catherine.  Furthermore, he knew that little Catherine had a very kind heart, he made use of her sympathy to Linton and indirectly made Edgar painful.  For example, Heathcliff forced little Catherine to marry Linton and did not let her go back to the Thrushcross Grange to see his dear papa, even Edgar was seriously ill and eager to see his daughter. What a cruel man Heathcliff was!
In sum, I think maybe the whole tragedies did not all result from Heathcliff himself.  But he should not take others' happiness away.  He might seek his own happiness and lead a happy life. We Chinese believe the so-called retribution, so why he did not open his arms?  And these are my opinions about revenge of this story.
 

Part 2.

By Monica Huang
     Revenge takes a big part in this story.  Besides Heathcliff's revenge on others. There are still other revenges in this fiction.  The following paragraph is about others' revenge on Heathcliff.
(1) Hindley's revenge on Heathcliff
     Mr. Earnshaw seemed to pay much attention to Heathcliff.  Therefore, Hindley had learnt to regard his father as an oppressor rather than a friend, and Heathcliff as a usurper of his parents' affection and his privileges, and he grew bitter with brooding over these injuries.  Then, after Mr. Earnshaw died.  Hindley became the new master of Wuthering Heights.  At that time, a few words from Frances, evincing a dislike to Heathcliff, were enough to reuse in him all his old hatred of the boy.  Hindley drove Heathcliff from their company to the servants, deprived him of the instructions of the curate, and insisted that he should labor out of doors instead, compelling him to do so as hard as any other lad on the farm.  In this way, Heathcliff was gradually became an uneducated savage.  And sometimes, Hindley also ordered Heathcliff a flogging.  He also tried to separate Heathcliff from Catherine.  To sum up, the revenge of Hindley on Heathcliff could be a main reason, which results in Heathcliff's revenge plan in the future.
(2) Isabella's revenge on Heathcliff
     Sometimes, Isabella only could use some words to make Heathcliff feel suffering.  For example,(p.152) Isabella said, "Nay, it's enough that he has murdered on of you.  I (Isabella) observed aloud " At the Grange, everyone knows your sister would have been living, now, had it not been for Mr. Heathcliff.  After all, it is preferable to be hated than loved by him.  When I recollect how happy we were--- how happy Cathrine was before he came---I'm fit to curse the day."  Most likely, Heathcliff noticed more the truth of what was said, than the spirit of the person who said it.  His attention was roused, I saw, for his eyes rained down tears among the ashes, and he drew his breath in suffocating sighs.
     I think we can regard such a revenge as an evidence of what Isabella said before.  I'd be glad of a retaliation that wouldn't recoil on myself; but treachery and violence are spears pointed at both ends----they wound those who resort to them, worse than their enemies.
(3) Cathy's revenge on Heathcliff
     Cathy said to Heathcliff, " I know he ( Linton) has a bad nature, he is your son.  But I am glad I have a better, to forgive it; and I know he loves me and for that reason I love him.  Mr. Heathcliff, you have nobody to love you; and, however miserable you make us, we shall still have the revenge of thinking that you truly rises from your greater misery!  You are miserable, are you not!  Lonely, like the devil, and envious like him?  Nobody loves you---nobody will cry for you, when you die!  I wouldn't be you!"  Cathrine spoke with a kind of dreary triumph: she seemed to have made up her mind to enter into the spirit of her future family, and draw pleasure from the griefs of her enemies.
     Although Cathy really pointed out Heathcliff's weakness, such a triumph was still very miserable.
 

Part 3.

By Stan Yu
Preface
In the first generation, Heathcliff, Hindley, and Isabella would have one kind of feeling in common: to retaliate.  Don't put up with someone hurting them, all of the three people would strike back.  Obviously, it's the last thing for the three persons to conceal their resentment or other negative emotions.
Heathcliff, the man leading the two generations to the point of suffering, impacts deeply the emotional direction of "Wuthering Heights" and "Thruchcross Grange."  Hindley, the second host of  Wuthering Heights, struggles to earning Mr. Earnshaw's love.  As for Isabella, she is the woman breaking her heart because of mistaken love.
How would they reveal their discontent and indignation?

Hindley's Revenge

Example 1  Heathcliff: "You must exchange horses with me; I don't like mine, and if
          you won't I shall tell your father of the three thrashings you've given
          me this week, and show him my arm, which is black to the shoulder."
                                              (C. 4, Page 33, Paragraph 4)
The two horses are partly given to Heathcliff and Hindley.  Undoubtedly, the better belongs to Heathcliff.  Hindley have been always hungry for his father, Mr. Earnshaw's love since Heathcliff was brought to his family.  How would a child feel when he lose what he should get originally?  For Hindley, horses are not only horses, they represents Father's love and concern.  Being ignored, he can't attract his father'd attention any more; to earn Father'd love (horse) and to harm Heathcliff physically becomes his measure to feel content.

Example 2  He drove him from their company to the servants, deprived him of the
          instructions of the curate, and insisted that he should labour out of doors
          instead, compelling him to do so as hard as any other lad on the farm.
                                               (C. 6, Page 39, Line 10)
After Mr. Earnshaw's death, Hindley becomes the host of Wuthering Heights.  To attack Heathcliff, he would make Heathcliff understand what's the main difference between them--the legal heir is superior to an orphan all the time!  Having Heathcliff made a member to the lower class, Hindley revenges in the realistic way.

Example 3  "Heathcliff, you may come forward," cried Mr. Hindley, enjoying his
     discomfiture and gratified to see what a forbidding young blackguard he
           would be compelled to present himself.  "You may come and wish
           Miss Catherine welcome, like the other servants."
                                            (C. 7, Page 45, Paragraph 5)
Hindley must have the idea that Catherine is important to Heathcliff.  When Catherine returns from Thrushcross Grange, Hindley would know Catherine differs little from she did with Heathcliff before.  To hurt Heathcliff, he forces politely Heathcliff to greet Catherine.  With the recognition of Catherine's change, he would enjoy Heathcliff's mental mortification.

Heathcliff's Revenge
Example 1 "There was another rapid glance at the house, and supposing himself
           unseen, the scoundrel had the impudence to embrace her. "
                                (C. 11, Page 94, last sentence of Paragraph 3)
In Wuthering Heights, readers could see Heathcliff doesn't miss anyone he could defeat and harm.  Heathcliff chases Isabella because of two possible reasons: to retaliate Catherine for her betrayal; to make Edgar sad by deceiving and hurting Isabella.  Catherine would never imagine Heathcliff's falling love with other girls--it could make her depressed more than physical injury.  As far as Catherine is concerned, Heathcliff's love for herself is merely the support she can adapt herself to Thrushcross Grange. When it comes to Edgar's reaction, he would esteem Iseballa's choice and feel sorry--apparently Iseballa doesn't realize Heathcliff very much.

Example 2  He appeared to have bent his malevolence on making him a brute: he
    was never taught to read or write; never rebuked for any bad habit which
    did not annoy his keeper; never led a single step towards virtue, or
    guarded by a single precept against vice.
                                             (C. 18, Page 165, Line 12~)
Heathcliff evidently gives back to Hareton what Hindley did to himself.  To remind him of Hindley's scorn, Heathcliff does the same thing to Hindley's son.  But we could also easily find the difference between Heathcliff and Hindley.  Besides lower down Heathclff's social position, Hindley might beat Heathcliff cruelly straight; Heathcliff does not.  In my opinion, Heathcliff could perceive Hareton's fearless nature he has of his own.
Example 3  "And it is quite natural that you should desire amusement at your age;
           and that you should weary of nursing a sick man, and that man only
           your father.  Catherine, his happiest days were over when your days
           began."
                                               (C. 27, Page 229, Line 4~)
Cathy is the Edgar's love after Catherine's death.   The direct method Hattack attacks his love opponent is--to plunder what Edgar only has and favors.  At this time, Edgar is sick--Edgars illness could intensify the power of revenge!  For Heathlciff, he just defeats Edgar completely by detaining Cathy in Wuthering Heights.

Iseballa's Revenge
Example " 'My father?' he cried, in strange perplexity. 'Mamma never told me I
    had a father.'  Where does he live?  I'd rather stay with uncle.' "
                                          (C.20, Page 171, Paragraph 4)
These are Linton's words when he knows his father's existence.  He has never told he has a father since he was born.  Iseballa would revenge Heathcliff by making him unknown to his son; maybe, the hurt Heathcliff causes to Isaballa is so great and deep that Iseaballa chooses to forget.  And, Linton's would always have Heathcliff remember his failure in love
kingdom-- Catherine is married to Edgar Linton finally.
Conclusion
Exactly speaking, it is hard to say if Catherine and Edgar revenge to people they dislike.  Compared to Hindley, Heathcliff, and Isabella, Catherine and Edgar would be much tenderer.  The ways Hindley, Heathcliff, and Catherine revenge just reflects their personality and characteristic: Hindly would be short-tempered and straightforward--the physical action is usually what he takes.  Heathcliff is patient and meticulous: to wait for the success of revenge, he could make money by hiself and then get married to Isabella.  Being cared in her family, Isabella would revenge Heathcliff by plundering his pleasure as a father.