postcolonialism (See Map): the social, political, economic, and cultural practices which arise
in response and resistance to colonialism.
Problems in the term:
a misnomer because decolonization is impossible;
a monster (like the term Third World) because it covers too many areas with all sorts of differences; should be distinguished from the "post" in postmodernism. (from
Postcolonialism page in Literary Criticism Databank)