History of Slavery
a. definition 1. societal institution based on ownership, dominance, and exploitation of one human being by another and reciprocal submission on the part of the person owned.
2. Members of family can be separated at the will of the owner.
3. Slavery at present--the selling of people or self-sale for special purposes--e.g. prostitution; the outpouring of mainland Chinese workers to places such as U.S. and Taiwan
b. the Triangle Trade:
1. route: from England, with merchandise such as weapons, ammunition, metal, liquor, trinkets, and cloth, to the west Coast of Africa. From Africa, with human cargo, to either West Indies or English colonies. And then with agricultural products such as sugar back to England.
2. "Middle Passage" -- Drawings of the Middle Passage by Feelings
3. this trade is a source of wealth to tribal chiefs, to the shipping business, to plantation owners in the South of U.S., and to merchants and shipbuilders in the North.
4. An estimated 8 to 15 million Africans reached the Americas from the 16th throught the 19 century, with a peak of about 6 million arriving in the 18th century alone.
Ideology of racism: one example of biological determinism