Modern and postmodern selves/texts: Is totality possible?
"The Jilting of Granny Weatherall" (relevant links) and 馬桶
Literary Criticism, Fall, 99; New Criticism
Kate Liu, first draft 1999/10/11
由Wordsworth 的 "A Slumber did my Spirit Seal"、Whitman的"Song of Myself"(Section I)、Keats的"Ode to a Nightingale"和"Ode on Melancholy,"我們看到男性浪漫詩人對於與自然合一的崇尚,豐富自我的追尋(即便是體會痛苦)。

有趣的是,他們的詩中,女性被推崇為女神或自然(Lucy)的象徵,但另一方面,當時的女性詩人如Emily Dickensen 和Christina Rossetti 卻常常以死亡為主題。(如Dickenson的 "I Heard a Fly Buzz When I Die"、"Because I could not Stop for Death")。她們也極少向男性詩人一樣處理追尋 (quest) 的主題。

  1. 意識流技巧所表達的是什麼樣的主體?破碎的或是完整的?記憶時間和敘述時間的破碎代表主體的破碎嗎?
  2. Granny Weatherall 的呈現和王文興的〈母親〉、William Faulkner 的"A Rose for Emily" 有何相同與不同?
  3. 後現代的主體為什麼會破碎?
  4. Photo: from The Katherine Anne Porter Page
Jilting of Granny Weatherall

Leading Questions:

  1. How do you characterize Granny?  What does she feel about being jilted?  What is she proud of?
  2. How does Granny relate to the people around her?  Why is she impatient with the doctor as well as her daughter Cordelia?
  3. Why is Granny pre-occupied with Hapsy?
  4. This story is, like 母親,composed partly of interior monologue, and in this story, Granny gets to be farther and farther away from reality.  How is she different from the mother in 母親?
Look at the sequence of events--together with Granny's own remarks-- in the story re-arranged in a chronological order: How are they different from the way the story is told?  What does the stream-of-consciousness narration try to convey?
即使Granny 的意識混亂,前後時間錯置,但是她是一個個性鮮明的角色。她的自我矛盾都是可以解釋的,她的生平經歷也有因果可循。

by 林燿德 本詩結構:
2.到腳踏磁框的腔腸動物  --digression to 電腦網路與馬桶對比

Relevant Links:

Jilting of Granny Weatherall

For further studies