Before and After New Criticism

II. Modern literary theory and criticism

practical criticism
(Since 19th Century; see above) a. early 20th-c approach:

--textual scholarship 

--biographical or historic approach 

--impressionistic approach (appreciation of beauty) 

--naturalist approach 

--New Humanism ( moral-philosophic approach)ˇXtraced back to Plato

New criticism, Russian formalism and Leavisites 

NC: EliotˇXthe poem as the impersonal formulations of common feelings and emotions; objective correlatives 

--affective fallacy, intentional fallacy, organic unity  More

RF: Art as device; defamiliarization

Liberal Humanism

From parts to an organic whole