Questions to Start with:
-- How do we read a text? (Here a "text" is not limited to literature, nor to "books": we can be texts, too.) How do we produce more than one interpretations of it? How do we hold a dialogue with it or challenge it?From these questions, you can tell that this is not a course designed for passive reading of long texts. The theoretic texts may be short but difficult. But with the reading/watching of literary and cultural examples, we will be actively engaged in thinking, analyzing, questioning and criticizing what we have read and, by extension, ourselves and our society.
-- What does an author actually express in his/her work? What is "the unsaid" of the text?
--How are the meanings of a text controlled by society? Can a text transcend its society and retain universal values throughout history?
In other words, the course is designed for you to interpret and analyze literature from various perspectives so that you can understand both literature and you yourselves more. Of the approaches we will cover in the first semester--formalism, psychoanalysis, feminism, and, if possible, reader response--you will find that formalism is not really something new to you (practiced in a lot of literature courses, e.g. introduction to literature). But it will be used as a basic training of our ability to grasp a literary work as a complicated but coherent whole.Texts to analyze:
The approaches we cover in the first semester are the basic ones in the modern period, and in the second semester we will deal with more contemporary approaches (e.g. poststructuralism, marxism, cultural studies, and, if possible, postcolonialism). These approaches are arranged in such a way that the latter ones will either incorporate or extend the previous ones, so that as you move from one approach to another, you are deepening your perception about the text in the context of its author, readers and society as a whole.
We will use literary texts as our focus, but also some films, music videos, popular songs and animations will also be used as supplements.
Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice + handouts (mostly from the following books with *)Reference books:
* Critical Theory & Practice: A Coursebook (Keith Green & Jill Lebihan. Routledge, 96)
* Reader's Guide to Contemporary Theory (Raman Seldon. Harvester, 93)
Practicing Theory and Reading Literature (Raman Seldon. Kentucky, 89)
A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature (W. Guerin, et al. 3rd ed. Oxford, 92)
Literary Theory : A Practical Introduction. Michael Ryan. MA: Blackwell, 1999.
Eagleton, Terry. ¡m¤å¾Ç²z½×¾ÉÅª¡n¡D§d·sµoÄ¶¡D¥x¥_¡G®ÑªL¡A1993
Lentricia, Frank, et al eds. ¡m¤å¾Ç§åµû³N»y¡n¡D±i¨Ê´Dµ¥Ä¶¡D »´ä¡G¤û¬z¤j¾Ç¡A1994¡D
Feminist texts: e.g. A. Rich's "Diving into the Wreck," "Rape," M. Atwood's "Rape Fantasies"; A. Munro; ¦¿¤å·ì¡q¨k¤Hªº¨Å©Ð¡r¡q¤k¤H¡D¤T¦r¸g¡D¦æ°Êµu¼@¡r®O±Kªºµû½×"The Feminist Poetic of Xia Yu" (in English)