Moses (from The Israel Bible Museum)


Introduction and Discussion of Moses

  • Introduction to the life of Moses:
  • Literary discussion of the Book of Exodus:
  • Brief fact sheet about Moses:
  • Pious interpretations and commentary on the life of Moses:
  • A study series about the Book of Exodus:
  • An interpretation of the Ten Commandments:
  • A brief statement about a scientist's recent discovery of the mountain where Moses received the Ten Commandments:
  • The death of Moses:
  • Discussion of the animated movie "The Prince of Egypt":


    FROMENT, Nicolas
     (b. cca. 1435, Uzes, d. cca. 1486, Avignon)
    1476 Wood, 410 x 305 cm
       Cathedrale Saint Sauveur , Aix-en-Provence
    The Burning Bush

    Froment was the last of the great masters of the school of Avignon. His main work, the triptych Burning Bush was commissioned by King Rene. On the central panel Moses is depicted before the burning bush, while on the side panels the kneeling and praying figures of the donator and his wife, Jeanne de Laval appear. There are several interesting iconographic elements in the composition. Among them it should be noted that in contrast with the biblical text it is the Madonna and not God who appears to Moses in the burning bush. This can be explained by the cult of Mary in the late Gothic period. 

    Study Questions
    generously provided by Sister Heliena Krenn


    Ex 1-3: Moses in Egypt; Ex 14: Exodus; Ex 19-20: Ten Commandments The book Exodus covers the time from the death of Joseph in Egypt to the building of the Tabernacle (=symbol of God's special presence with His Chosen People) in the wilderness.

    1. Study the map "Egypt and Sinai" and review what you have learned in other courses (History, Western Civilization) about the culture and religion of ancient Egypt.

    2. Consider the childhood of Moses and his education at the king's court. How do they prepare Moses for his later task as leader of the Israelites?

    3. What character qualities of Moses can we see in the text? Name those qualities that make Moses fit to be the leader, lawgiver, prophet and priest of the Israelites.

    4. The Exodus/Passover event is very important in the life of the Israelites. When we use these terms as figures of speech (metaphors) in literature, what do they probably stand for?

    5. The Ten Commandments: which of them do we find in Chinese traditions, in the teaching of Confucius, in Buddhist thought?

    • Terms, Concepts, Names to remember: Burning Bush, Passover, Red Sea, Sinai, idol worship, golden calf, commandments, Covenant, Ark of the Covenant, Pillar of Fire, Pillar of Cloud, Moses, Pharaoh. 

    Relevant Links

    William Hogarth's (1697~1764)
    "Moses Brought to Pharoah's Daughter"