( story ) 
( play )



Words  Definition  Quotation 
veterinary a person whose job is to treat sick or injured animals, or to describe the medical treatment of animals. There were two of them, the veterinary surgeon Ivan Ivanovitch and the schoolmaster Burkin(144). 
temperament basic nature, as it is shown in the way that you react to situations or to other people.  There are plenty of people in the world solitary by temperament, who try to retreat into their shell like a hermit crab or a snail (145).
expel to leave some place by force. …,reduced Petrov’s and Yegorov’s marks for conduct, kept them in, and in the end expelled them both(146).
glum make sad and depress  Among the glum and intensely bored teachers who came even to the name-day party as a duty we suddenly saw a new Aphrodite risen from the waves; she walked with her arms akimbo, laughed, sang, danced…(147).
thump to beat or strike heavily with the fist. "And I tell you I have read it," cries Kovalenko, thumping his stick on the pavement (148).


Words  Definition  Quotation 
apricot small juicy soft orange-yellow fruit Byelinkov: I don't care for apricots (1514).
amicable friendly ( esp. of relation)  Byelinkov:...We are entering into a social contract, an amicable agreement to provide us with a secure and satisfying future (1514).
starched stiffness of manner, formality  Varinka:…Your sweet round spectacles, your dear collar always starched, always …your perfectly pressed pants always creasing at right angles perpendicular to the floor… (1514).
perpendicular at right angle, vertical, upright 
pompous self-important  Byelinkov: I don't know this woman or her pompous son-in-law (1514).
reputation the state of one person's character; Varinka: Everyone adores you by reputation (1514). 
hazardous dangerous; risky Byelinkov::… No. No new quilt. That would be hazardous (1515).
fraction small part, bit, or proportion Byelinkov: …If one works out the arithmetic the final fraction of improvement is at best less than an eighth of value over the total damage caused by disruption (1516).
trample tread heavily and carelessly and damage it. Varinka: They were cheering me on. Careful, you'll trample the roses (1517).
galoshes waterproof shoes, usually made of rubber, to prevent from getting wet. and my most favorite part, the sweet little galoshes, rain or shine, just in case (1514).

.…I wonder if he'll take off his galoshes when he rides a bicycle (1517).

premeditated Something is planned or thought about before it's done. Byelinkov: …That is not progressive, it is a premeditated revolutionary (1517).
hitherto up to now, until this time  It now seems to us strange that we had hitherto failed to observe a detail so important in his life



Vocabulary  Definition  Quotation from the work 
gumption  common sense ;


If Freddy had a bit of gumption,he would got one at the theatre door (1081). 
Ludgate circus     Ive been to Charing Cross one way and nearly to Ludgate Circus the other. . . 
plinth  lower square slab at the base of a column. [She sits down on the plinth of the column, sorting her flowers,on the Lady's right]
soot  black powder made of burned coal.    She wears a little sailor hat of black straw that has long been exposed to the dust and the soot of London… (1082). 
shoddy not respectful    She wears a shoddy black coat that reaches nearly to her knees and is shaped to her waist (1082). 
coarse rough or loose in texture.   She has a brown skirt with a coarse apron. 
amiable  pleasant and friendly    An elderly GENTLEMAN of the amiable military type rushes into the shelter, and close a dipping umbrella (1082).
plight unfortunate condition or state. He is in the same plight as FREDDY, very wet about the ankles(1082).
tuppence two pennies I can change half-a-cown. Take for tuppence (1083).
hubbub disturb, make noise of talking General hubbub, mostly sympathetic to the FLOWER GIRL, but deprecating her excessive sensibility (1083).
deprecating express disapproval of  
hollerin to shout or to call   Cries of Don't start hollerin' (1083).
staid of quiet and steady character    Easy easy, et.,come from the elderly staid spectators, who pat her comfortingly (1083).
nark police informer or decoy.   She thought you was a copper's nark, sir(1083).
molestation to annoy or

to interfere with  

Really,sir,if you are a detective,you need not begin protecting me against molestation by young women until I ask you(1084).
Selsey    And how are all your people down at Selsey (1084).
Lisson Grove    You were born in Lisson Grove(1085) 
tittering to laugh 

to giggle   

( Titterings.Popular interest in the notetaker's performance increases.)  
meddle to interfere in others' concern   Aint no call to meddle with me, he aint (1085).
have no truck with  avoid dealing with    I don't want to have no truck with him(1085).


inflammation of lungs

I shall get pneumonia if I stay in this draught any longer
impertinent disrespectful Will you please keep your impertinent remarks to yourself (1085) .
repudiate reject, deny, refuse dealing with    [Her DAUGHTER repudiates her with an angry shrug and retires haughtily.] (1085)
chivied worried and hounded Poor girl! Hard enough for her to live without being worried and chivied (1086)
phonetics representing vocal sounds  Simply phonetics. The science of speech… (1086).
brogue  marked accent You can spot an Irishman or aYorkshireman by his brogue
bilious  bad-tempered   Don't sit there crooning like a bilious pigeon (1087).
squash crush or squeeze flat suppress  Yes,yousquashed cabbage leaf, you disgrace to the noble architecture of these columns...
Queen of Sheba    I could pass you off as the Queen of Sheba (1087).
jaw tedious talk  Come with me now and lets have a jaw over some supper(1087).
mendacity lying untruthful [Shocked at the GIRL's mendacity.]
pharisaic  self-righteous person
[Hearing in it the voice of God, rebuking him for his Pharisaic want of charity to the poor GIRL.] (1087)
daze to bewilder [dazedly raising his hat.](1088)
impidence    LIZA:[Humikiated.] Impidence!
trudge traverse, 
go on foot 
[She picks up the basket and trudges up the alley with it to her lodging: a small room with very old wall paper hanging loose in the damp places…] (1089).
grudge be reluctant to   When she enjoys for the first time the sensation of being able to put in another penny without grudging it (1089). 



phonograph  gramophone  In this corner stands a flat writing-table, on which are a phonograph, a laryngoscope, a row of tiny organ pipes with a bellows, a set of lamp chimneys for singing flames with burners attached to a gas plug in the wall by an indiarubber tube, several tuning-forks of different sizes, a life-size image of half a human head, shewing in section the vocal organs, and a box containing a supply of wax cylinders for the phonograph

Further down the room, on the same side, is a fireplace, with a comfortable leather-covered easy-chair at the side of the hearth nearest the door, and a coal-scuttle

See p.1089 (stage direction)

bellow device for driving air into or through
stray chair   …there is one stray chair. It stands near the fire-place. .. On the walls, engraving: mostly Piranesis and mezzotint portraits. (1090)
mezzotint method of printing or engraving 
robust strong  He appears in the morning light as a robust, vital, appetizing sort of man of forty or thereabouts…. (1090).
impetuous acting or done rashly ;moving rapidly He is, in fact, but for his years and size, rather like a very impetuous baby " taking notice" eagerly and loudly (1090). 
bullying    His manner varies from genial bullying when he is in a good humor to stormy petulance when anything goes wrong(1090). 
petulance irritable; impatient  
feather-weight cross   …when he is neither bullying not exclaiming to the heavens against some feather-weight cross, he coaxes women as a child coaxes its nurse when it wants to get anything out of her.(1901)
coax  persuade gradually or by flattery; 
peremptorily admitting no deny or refusal  HIGGINS [Peremptorily.] Sit down. (1092).
draggletailed    I shall make a duchess of this draggletailed guttersnipe(1094)
guttersnipe  street urchin 
prudery prudish attitudes or behavior  We want none of your Lisson Grove prudery here. Young woman(1094).
wallop hit or beat   If she gives you any troubles, wallop her(1094).
zephyr gentle wind The hurricane is succeeded by a zephyr of amiable surprise(1094).
elocutionary clear and expressive way of speech   [Suddenly resorting to the to the most thrillingly beautiful low tones in his best elocutionary style] (1095). 
balmy mild and fragrant   I don't want no balmies teaching me (1095).
whimpering making unpleasant noise LIZA:[Whimpering.] Nh-ow. You got no ight to touch me (1095).
deftly neat  [Deftly retrieving the handkerchief and intercepting her on he reluctant way to the door.] (1095). 
remonstrance argue forcibly; make a protest  PICKERING:[In good-humored remonstrance.] Does it occur to you, Higgins, that the girl has some feelings?(1095).
reflectively thoughtful  HIGGINS:[To PICKEING, reflectively.] You see the difficulty?
scullery back kitchen , room for washing dishes … for she expected to be taken down to the scullery(1097) .
copper brown mental coins; or color reddish-brown  … Is this where you wash clothes? Funny sort of copper I call it.(1098.) 
peg pins   …[Taking down a gown from its peg and handing it to her.] (1098)
frowzy dirty looking  I want to change you from a frowzy slut to a clean respectable girl fit to sit with the gentlemen in the study. (1098)
mustard small plant with yellow  flowers; color of brownish yellow   She perfumes it with a handful of bath salts and adds a palmful of mustard. She then takes a formidable looking long handled scrubbing brush and soaps it profusely with a ball of scented soap (1099).
formidable inspiring dread
or hard to deal with or overcome 
dogmatically asserting personal opinions, intolerantly authoritative  HIGGINS:[Dogmatically, lifting himself on is hand to the level of the piano, and sitting on it with a bounce.] … , she becomes jealous, exacting, suspicious, and a damned nuisance. (1099).
nuisance person, thing, circumstance causing trouble   
tack direction   …Oh, Lord knows! I suppose the woman wants to live her own life, and the man wants to live his; and each tries to drag the other on the wrong tack. (1099).
stolidly unemotional, not esaily moved  MRS.PEACE:[Stolidly.] That’s what I mean, sir. You swear a great deal too much…(1100).
loftily  haughty,  noble  HIGGNS:[Loftily.] I cannot change myself with having ever uttered it, Mrs. Pearce. (1100) 
slovenly careless and untidy   MRS.PEARCE: I mean not to be slovenly about her dress or untidy in leaving things about. (1101)
unassailable unable to be attacked   [He comes to anchor on the hearthrug, with the air of a man in an unassailable position]
porridge saucepan  oatmeal or cereal 
cooking pan 
… and to remember not to put the 
porridge saucepan out of your hand on the clean tablecloth, it would be a better example to the girl. (1101)
routed  send, forward   [ Routed from the hearthrug and drifting back to the piano.] 
benzine mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petoleum.  By the way: my dressing-gown smells most damnably of bezine.
diffident shy, lacking self-confidence  Here I am, a shy, diffident sort of man.
blackguard villain  HIGGNS: [Promptly.]Send the blackguard up.
clad clothed  ALFRED DOOLITTLE is an elderly but vigorous dustman, clad in the costume of his profession, including a hat with a back brim covering his neck and shoulders (1102).
brim edge of a hat  
magisterially authoritative  DOOLITTLE: Morning, Governor. [He sits down magisterially.] I come about a very serious matter, Governor.
extort get money by using threats, force, or other unfair means.  HIGGINS: The police shall take up. This is a plant—a plot to extort money by threats. 
brass farthing a coin used in Britan until 1961; it was worth a quarter of an old penny  DOOLITTLE: Have I asked you for a brass farthing? I have it to the gentleman here: have I said a word about money.
poser someone behaves in aninsincere,
exaggerated way to show disapproval
HIGGINS:[Throwing the book aside and marching down on DOOLITTLE with a poser.]What else did you come for?
public house public bar  HIGGINS: Public house. Yes? (1103).

DOOLITTLE: The poor man's club, Governor…

mendacity lying, untruthful  HIGGINS:... Sentimental rhetorical! That's the Welsh strain in him. It also accounts for his mendacity and dishonesty(1103).
jaunt a short journey for pleasure  DOOLITTLE: It was like this, Governor. The girl took a boy in the taxi to give him a jaunt. Son of landlady, he is…(1103).
proximity nearness in time and space   DOOLITTLE:…[To HIGGINS, who takes refuge on the piano bench, a little overwhelmed by the proximity of his visitor; … [He turns to his chair and sits down judicially.] (1104). 
judicially of, done by  or proper to the court of law 
revolted feel strong disgust  HIGGINS: [Revolted.] Do you mean to say that you would sell your daughter for £50?
unabashed not ashamed or embarrased   DOOLITTLE:[Unabashed.]Cant afford them, Governor. Neither could you if you was as poor as me….(1104).
pulpit a small
rasied platform in a church with barrier around it  
HIGGINS: … Pickering: if we were to take this man in hand for three month, he could choose between a seat in the Cabinet and a popular pulpit in Wales (1105).
fiver five pound note  HIGGINS: I suppose we must give him a fiver.
primrose wild plant bearing pale yellow spring flowers  LIZA:… Soft brushes to scrub yourself, and a wooden bowl of soap smelling like 
discompose disturb the composure of  HIGGINS, continuously unable to sit still, discomposes her still more by striding restlessly about. But for the reassuring presence and quietude of her friend the COLONEL she would run for her life, even back to Drury Lane(1108). 
quietude state of quiet



vocabulary Definition Quotations from Text
pretension assertion of a claim  …and the ceiling is not so lofty as it would be in an older house of the same pretension

…which is very unlike her son’s room in Wimpole Street, is not crowded with furniture and little tables and nicknack. In the middle of the room there is a big ottoman, and this, with the carpet, the Morris wall-paper, and the Morris chintz window curtains and brocade covers of the ottoman and its cushion,…(1109). 

nicknacks =knick-knack a small ornament 
ottoman Turkish; of the dynasty of Osman(Othman)
chintz printed multicolored cotton fabric
brocade rich fabric woven with a raised pattern 
Grosvenor gallery    A few good oil-paintings from the exhibition in the Grosvernor gallery thirty years ago..are not on the wall (1110). 

of an elegantly ornate 18th C. style

In the corner…There is a Chippendale chair further back in the room between her and the window nearest her side …The corner between the fireplace and the window is occupied by a divan cushioned in Morris chintz (1110).
divan low couch without a raised back or ends 
fidgeting move or act restlessly or nervously   MRS. HIGGINS: No. Stop fidgeting and take your hands out of your pockets..(1111). 

stone edging to a pavement or raised path

HIGGINS: Well, its like this. She's a common flower girl. I picked her off the kerbstone.
glumly sad, gloomy  HIGGINS:[Glumly, making no movement in her direction.] Delighted.[He backs aganist the piano and bows brusquely](1112)  
brusquely abrupt or offhand 
resignedly resolve to endure   HIGGINS:[Resignedly.] It dont matter, anyhow. Sit down.(1113) 
matrimonially rite or state of marriage  MISS EYNSFORD HILL:[Whp considers HIGGNS quite eligible matrimonially.] 
pedantic person who insists on adherence to formal rules or literary meaning   LIZA:[Speaking with pedantic correctness of pronunciationand great beauty of tone.]  
infatuated filled with intense unreasoning love   [FREDDY bows and sits down in the Elizebethan chair, infatuated.] (1114) 
extricating take our orr release from an entanglemnet or difficulty  [He goes to the divan, stubling into the fender and over the fire-iron on his way; extricating himself with muttered imprecations;...]  
imprecation spoken curse 
ensue happen afterwards or as a result   ...A long and painful pause ensues.] 
barometrical instrument measuring atmospheric pressure  LIZA:... There are no indications of any great change in the barometrical situation.(1114)   
diphtheria acute infectious bacterial disease with inflammation of the throat  LIZA:... She come through diphtheria right enough the year before... 
indictment a formal accusation   LIZA:[ Piling up the indictment.] What call would a woman with that strength in her have to die of influenza? (1114). 
sniggering =snicker
a sly giggle  
...[To FREDDY, who is in convulsion of suppressed laughter.] Here! what are you sniggering at ? (1115)  
convulsion a violent disturbance 
prudery one who is too concerned with being or seeming to be proper   CLARA:[All smiles.] I will. Goodbye. Such nonsense, all this early Victorian prudery! (1116) 
swoop make a sudden doward rush, attack suddenly  HIGGINS:...[He swoops on his mother and drags her to the ottoman, where she sits down in ELIZA's place...] (1117). 
crack informal :
to tell
MRS. HIGGINS: ... but if you suppose for a moment that she doesnt give herself away in every sentence she utters, you must be perfectly cracked about her. 
sanguinary full of bloodshed, bloodthirsty  PICKERING:... I mean something to eliminate the sanguinary element from her conversation. 
canal barge large flat-bottomed boat used on rivers and canals  MRS.HIGGINS: No, deatest: it would be quite proper-say on a canal barge; but it would not be proper for her at a garden party. 
assail attack violently  HIGGINS:[Assailing her at the other ear.] Yes, by George; it's the most absorbing experiment I ever tackled (1118).  
rip tear apart roughly  PICKERING: Ripping. [Both are heard laughing as they go downstairs  
grip take or keep firm hold of  MRS.HIGGINS: [... At the third line she gives it up; flings down her pen; grips the table angrily and exclaims.] (1119).  
awning structure, rooflike canvas for shelter  ...The hall door has an awning and a carpet across the sidewalk to the kerb,...
-see stage direction on p.1119 
alight to come down and settle,or  burninig, lighted  A Rolls-Royce car drives up. PICKERING in evening dress, with medals and orders, alights, and hands out LIZA, in opera cloak, evening dress...(1120)  
luxuriant growing vigorously  ... He has an enormous moustache, flowing out into luxuriant whiskers. (1120). 
crop cut off , produce or gather as harvest  His hair is cropped closely at the back, and glows with oil.(1120)   
ferocity fierce, savage  He is evidently a foreigner, guessable as a whiskered Pandour from Hungry; but in spite of the ferocity of moustache he is amiable and genially voluble (1120). 
morose gloomy and unsociable  HIGGINS: [Almost morosely.] What wonderful young lady? (1122). 
Morganatic of marriage between a person of higher rank and one of lower rank, the spouse and the children have no claim to the possessions or title of the person of the higher rank HOST: Not necessarily legitimate, of course. Morganatic perhaps. But that is undoubtedly her class (1123).
incorrigible of person or habit that cannot be corrected or improved

HOSTESS:Oh, you are incorrigible (1123).





Quotation from Text






handrail beside a staircase



the form of circle


coroneted billet-doux

coronet = small crown




draw back in fear



v. feed greedily

n. narrow opening between hills; content of stomach



Roman church: supposed place or state of temporary suffering after death and before entering heaven



hard but fragile

lively ( of style or manner)



item of clothing

v. dress up



to force or squeeze into place by pressure



superficially, careless



generous; luxurious



a street mischievous child



conformity to social conventions



of a size suggesting great expense; lavish



excessive pride in one's appearance or accomplishments



to suppress or to conceal



an officer or policeman of lower rank



to offend morally or to shock









Quotation from Text


to confuse

(in one's mind)



bolt- a sliding bar to fasten the door

v. to fasten with a bolt



brilliantly, dazzling



to offer



a lawyer qualified to advise clients



four-wheeled vehicle for a baby pushed by a person



to reject ; to deny



to give up; to reject; throw carelessly



cause of annoyance



clam, not easily excite ; tranquil



fierce, wild, rude



less important





to lower the dignity of



of acceptable social standing; reasonably good in condition



= tremendous excellent, remarkable



nobly generous



n. chaperon; an older woman who accompanies and supervises young unmarried people

v. to act as chaperon to



to turn away, to prevent



an ignorant person



to make a mistake; to speak or act flatteringly



the pronunciation of French letter H