Click them and learn vocabulary !!









ex. quotation from textbook
the noise of the horse The language is whinnied by the race of striped horses in Africa.

(p.2 L3.)

the home of certain types of wild animals, like lions or foxes So the little cat quickly ties him up, kills him, and drags the better parts of the carcass back to his den. (p2.L11-12) 
something in small, beautifully shape. The delicate noses of the zebras told them there was really no lion in the neighborhood.
walk slowly and in relaxed manner One day the storyteller of the zebras was ambling, and through his mind ran plots for stories to amuses the older zebras, when...

(p2,L 19-20) 

the hard, bony part of horse's feet He took a good at the cat, and he didn't know why, but there was something about his looks he didn't like, so he kicked him which a hoof and killed him. (p.3, L1-2)


ex. quotation from textbook
etiquette form rules of correct and polite behavior in society or among members of a profession. In the code of military etiquette silence and fifty are forms of deference.
deference a polite and respect attitude towards someone, especially because they have an important position  In the code of military etiquette silence and fifty are forms of deference.
well-to-do prosperous, wealthy  Peyton Farghar was a well-to-do planter, of an old and highly respected Alabama family. 
secessionist people who want their region / group to separate from the country or larger group to which it belongs Being a slave owner, and like other slave owner, a politician, he was naturally an original secessionist and ardently devoted to the Southern cause.
ardently eager, passionate  ...he was naturally an original secessionist and ardently devoted to the Southern cause.
agony extreme mental / physical suffering  Keen, poignant, agonies seemed to shoot from his neck downward through every fibre of his body and limbs.
gesticulate  use gesture to express instead of speech  They shouted and gesticulated, pointing at him.
perilous serious and immediate danger  No adventure too perilous for him to undertake if consistent with the character of a civilian who was at heart a soldier.
delirium disorder involving incoherent speech caused by fever or drunkenness He has merely recovered from a delirium.
suffocate  choke or kill by stopping breathing, by pressure, fume There was no additional strangulation; the noose about his neck was already suffocating him, and kept the water from his lungs.
apprehension uneasiness, dread  He awaited each stroke with impatience and--he knew not why--apprehension.
dread terrible and greatly feared  Although no solider, he had frequented camps enough to know the dread significance of that a part in the morning's work.
interfere get involved in , to clash The commandant has issued an order, which is posted everywhere,declaring that any civilian caught interfering with the railroad, its bridges, tunnels, or trains, will be summarily hanged.
apprise to inform ( formal use) He was not conscious of an effort, but a sharp pain in his wrist apprised him that he was trying to free his hands.
sentinel  a sentry or guard Beyond one of the sentinels, nobody was in sight.
commotion noisy disturbance As he shook his hand free from the commotion of smitten water, he heard the deflected shot humming through the air ahead.
strangulation squeeze the neck of so as to kill  There was no additional strangulation; the noose about his neck was already suffocating him, and kept the water from his lungs.
salute  gesture of respect or greeting. The sergeant turned to the captain, saluted and placed himself immediately behind that officer, who in turn moved apart one pace.
efface to rub out, to erase  The intellectual part of his nature was already effaced.
dodge to move quickly aside It is as easy to dodge a volley ass single shot.
torment severe physical or mental suffering The intellectual part of his nature was already effaced; he had power only to feel and feeling was torment.
vigorously physical or mental strength By diving, I could evade the bullets, and swimming vigorously

Writing Exercise

Please use the three of the following words to write complex sentences
To traverse  to go across the area of land or water; cross
Pier a platform sticking out to the water ( sea), where people usually walk along or getting on or off boats
Poignant affecting, touching// something that makes you sad because it reminds you of something in the past, or because you wanted to happen did not happen. 
Silhouette a solid dark shape// the outline of something that helps you to recognize it.
Uncanny something is strange and difficult to explain



a cask (n.) wooden barrel used for storing things, especially for alcoholic drink.
Fortunato fortunate / good luck
to preclude (v.) to prevents the event or action from happening
with impunity to disapprove of the fact that they are not punished for doing something wrong.
to redress (v.) to improve or to correct something for the person who has been badly treated.

as is my wont

it is something that they often or regularly do
immolation (n.) as sacrifice

a connoisseur (n.)

conoisseurship (n.)

as a expert understanding of the arts, food, drink, or some other subject.

:the taste of judging the arts, food, drinks or some other subject.

gemmary (n.) the study of jewel or stone
a quack someone pretends to have medical knowledge,but he doesn't have
vintages of wine vintage wine is good quality wine that has been stored for years in order to improve its quality
the carnival season a public festival, usually with a procession

dressed in motley


having components of great variety
Sherry a type of strong wine that is made in southwestern Spain, usually drunk before meal.
nitre( niter) a chemical compound that includes nitrogen and oxygen
palazzo large building, or apartment
to abscond to escape or leave from somewhere without permission
a sconce ornamental bracket on a wall, holding a light
catacombs a series of ancient underground paths and rooms/gallery
rheum the condition of pain
(coat of) arms a family, town, or organization is a design in form of shield that they use as an emblem.
puncheons a large cask for beer, wine ...etc.
a flacon (a flask) a small narrow- necked bottle
a mason person who is skilled at making things or building things with stones.
promiscuously with a wide range of different things; consisting of diverse or unrelated parts or individuals
to fetter (v.) to restrict or restrain.


exhilarate raise the spirit of, gladden  
usher person who shows you to the seats in a cinema or theatre.  
terrify fill with terror  
juvenile youthful  
hysterical in the state of uncontrolled excitement, anger, or panic.  
perplexity something makes people confused  

1. dispose to seek revenge;

2. intend to cause pain or harm.

John Calvin see the relevant link be continued




insidious Something that is insidious is unpleasant and dangerous and develops without being noticed.   
revere If you revere someone or something, you respect or admire them greatly.   
revive come back to life or consciousness  
engulf swallow up   
scowl look angry or sullen at; frown heavily at or upon  
poke push against, thrust into  
blank without expression  
blown fully open  
beam look or smile with joy  
squirm feel or show distress from shame, embarrassment, etc.  
pious 1 . having or showing a deep devotion to religion 2 . hypocritically virtuous   
bracelet Ornamental band worn on the wrist or arm .   
vigorously Physical activities involve using a lot of energy , usually to do short and repeated actions.   
underneath IF one thing is underneath another , it is directly below or beneath it   
agitate  to excite and often trouble the mind of feelings of  
sheepish Affected by or showing embarrassment caused by consciousness .   
satin Silk material that's shiny and smooth on one side   
forlorn Unhappy and lonely or abandoned   
ordeal a difficult or painful experience , esp one that tests a person's character or ability to endure something .