|Literary Criticism Databank||
Three premises in Freudian psychoanalysis:
1. most of the individual's mental processes are unconscious.
2. all human behavior is motivated ultimately by what we would call sexuality. The prime psychic force--libido, or sexual energy.
3. because of the powerful social taboos attached to certain sexual impulses, many of our desires and memories are repressed. (from A Reader's Guide)
A. Freud--1. Structure of the psyche--superego,
ego, id, perceptual-conscious, pre-conscious, unconscious
1. the child's sexual development--
a. polymorphous sexuality, three stages, fixation,
b. Oedipal stage--gendering process, Oedipus complex, castration fear
2. dream analysis--condensation, substitution, symbolization
3. pyschological diseases: neurosis, etc.--internal battle between ego and id, with psychological or physical abnormalities as symptoms (or covert expressions of desire)
4. literature-- Psychobiography 作家的心理分析
Jung and archetypal criticism--archetype (universal symbols);
archetypal motif or pattern; (e.g. hero--quest, initiation, scapegoat--Oedipus and Hamlet)
archetype--not inherited ideas or patterns of thought, but they are predispositions to respond in similar ways to certain stimuli
C. Frye's monomyth-- archetype as genres
D. Lacan--lack, mirror stage, the unconscious as structured by language
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Limitations--Do you agree?
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